Albania at a glance
Albania is located in southeastern Europe, in the western part of the Balkan Peninsula. Lying along the Adriatic and Ionian Sea, it shares frontiers with Greece in the south-east, Montenegro in the north, Kosovo in the northeast and the Republic of Macedonia in the east. The narrow coastal plain that spread over most of the country gives rise to mountains that are as much as 2,400 meters high. Albania is one of the smallest as well as the poorest countries of Europe. However, it is slowly making the transition to open-market economy and moving on the road to progress.
Fun & Interesting Facts about Albania
- The official language of Albanians is Albanian. However, English, Italian and Greek (mostly in the south) are also widely spoken there.
- People of Albania mainly belong to Islam, Albanian Orthodoxy and Roman Catholicism. The country does not have a history of religious extremism and takes pride in the harmony that exists across religious traditions and practices. Religious pragmatism continued as a distinctive trait of Albanian society and interreligious marriage has been very common throughout the centuries. There is a strong unifying cultural identity which has been solidified through the centuries by the common struggle to protect the culture in the face of various outside conquerors.Percentages of religious affiliation in Albania differ according to the source that originated the research: The CIA World Factbook gives a percentage of 70% Muslims, 20% Eastern Orthodox, and 10% Roman Catholics. According to the World Christian Encyclopedia, roughly 39% of Albanians are Muslim, and 35% Christian.
- The currency of Albania is Lek. One Euro equals ~120 Lek.
- The capital of Albania is Tirana.
- Albania follows the system of Parliamentary Democracy.
- Albania is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Council of Europe as well as World Trade Organization.
- Albania is believed to be a potential candidate for membership in the European Union.
- The highest point in Albania is Mount Korab (2,753 m).
- The local name of Albania is ‘Shqiperia’, which can be translated to ‘Land of the Eagles’.
- The emblem on Albania’s flag comprises a two-headed eagle.
- Albanoi tribe, which used to inhabit the Adriatic coast, around Durres, gave Albania its name.
- In the early times, Albania used to be known as Illyria.
- ‘Meshari’ was the first book published in Albania, written by a Catholic priest in 1555.
- Tirana, Durrës, Elbasan, Shkodër and Vlorë are the largest cities in Albania, in terms of population.
- Albania is one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries in the world.
- In Albania, nodding the head means no, and shaking the head means yes.